Csóka, György and Kovács, Tibor (1999): Xilofág rovarok - Xylophagous insects. Hungarian Forest Research Institute. Erdészeti Turományos Intézet, Agroinform Kiadó, Budapest, 189 pp.
Mn: Pézsmacincér / En: Musk beetle
13-34 mm. Palaearctic species. In Hungary commonly found in floodplain willow forests and in goat willow in mountains and hills. Larvae develop in relatively thick branches and in wounded trunks (mainly Salix alba and S. caprea). Development takes three years, initially in the sapwood and later in characteristically-flattened tunnels in the heartwood of living trees. Larvae pupate here in late spring or early summer. Adults fly in June and July, and are found mainly on branches and trunks where they feed on sap, or occasionally on flowers. Large numbers of this beetle may be found on the same tree, giving it a characteristic musky smell.