Forest Pests of North America
Native and Non-native insects, diseases, and weeds of urban, managed, and natural forests

birch cambium miner
Phytobia betulivora Spencer, 1969

Representative Images(View more at Forestry Images)


birch cambium miner
Phytobia betulivora
James Solomon

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Atelocerata
Class: Hexapoda (including Insecta)
Infraclass: Neoptera
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Acalyptratae
Superfamily: Opomyzoidea
Family: Agromyzidae
Subfamily: Phytomyzinae
Genus: Phytobia

Other System Links

ITIS: 144121



Common Name Reference: Solomon JD. 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. Agric. Handbk. 706. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service: 3-212.
Scientific Name Reference: R.W. Poole and P. Gentili, Nomina Insecta Nearctica. 1996. Nomina insecta nearctica: a checklist of the insects of North America. Vol. 3. Rockville (MD): Entomological Information Services. Available at URL: